Returning to France in 1953, he set up a studio in Paris and eventually took up French citizenship. He did not succeed financially until 1954 when he won the Venice Biennale. After this, based in Paris with his second wife Dorothea Tanning (he was also married briefly to Peggy Guggenheim), his work finally received the recognition it deserved. He died in 1976.
Despite his strange styles, Marx Ernst gained quite a reputation that earned him some followers throughout his life. He even helped shape the trend of American art during the mid-century, thanks to his brilliant and extraordinary ideas that were unlike those of other artists during his time.
"Ernst came to describe the additions he made to his collages as changing them into images which 'transformed into revealing dreams my most secret desires'." Ian Turpin from 'Max Ernst' (Phaidon, 1979)