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art terms

  • Pop Art

    Pop Art emerged during the mid to late 50s, taking the art world by storm. This post-war movement focused its attention on pop culture and the power of images. Often displaying images of found items, comic book style graphics and cultural phenomena. Pop Art reached its peak in the 1960s and h....
    Pop Art emerged during the mid to late 50s, taking the art world by storm. This post-war movement focused its attention on pop culture and the power of images. Often displaying images of found items, comic book style graphics and cultural phenomena. Pop Art reached its peak in the 1960s and has been a popular art subject ever since. Andy Warhol is probably the best know American Pop Artist, and his images of everyday objects as in his ‘Campbell’s Soup Can’s’ and popular icons in his numerous reproductions of ‘Marilyn Monroe’. Roy Lichtenstein used the medium of comics for his well-known works such as ‘Whaam’ and ‘Drowning Girl’. Other big names in American pop art include Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Jim Dine and James Rosenquist. British Pop Art began in the 1950s and was associated with the Independent Group which included the likes of artists Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi. One of the most recognised pop art artists is the godfather of Pop Art, Sir Peter Blake.   Check out our Pop Art prints here.   $test =
  • Graffiti

    Graffiti art is a movement that can be traced back to New York in the 1970s. It was named after the spray-can vandalism common in most cities in the world but most associated with the New York subway system.  The purpose of graffiti art is self-expression and creativity and can involve highly st....
    Graffiti art is a movement that can be traced back to New York in the 1970s. It was named after the spray-can vandalism common in most cities in the world but most associated with the New York subway system.  The purpose of graffiti art is self-expression and creativity and can involve highly stylised letterforms drawn with markers, or cryptic and colourful spray paint murals on walls, buildings, and even freight trains. Graffiti artists strive to improve their art, which is constantly changing and progressing. In the early 1980s, the combination of a booming art market and a renewed interest in painting resulted in the rise of a few graffiti artists to art-star status. Jean-Michel Basquiat, a former street-artist known by his "Samo" tag, and, Keith Haring a professionally-trained artist who adopted a graffiti style, were two of the most widely recognized graffiti artists. In the late 80s and early 90s, the writer's Cost and Revs were the first to use new techniques that were to be a new form of graffiti, Post-Graffiti is also known as Street Art. These participants use stencils, posters, stickers and installations to spread their art illegally in the streets. Since the 90s, Banksy, Faile, D*Face and Bambi are some of the emerging artists to revolutionise this movement and continue to bring it out in the open, however, graffiti art is still illegal in most forms in most capitalist countries worldwide. Check out our collection of curated graffiti prints here. $test =
  • Diamond Dust

    Diamond dust is a glittering material that can be applied to paper and ink in the silkscreen printing process to create a textured and luminous finish. Diamond dust is a professional and versatile material that is sourced from specialist manufacturers. It is available in multiple sizes o....
    Diamond dust is a glittering material that can be applied to paper and ink in the silkscreen printing process to create a textured and luminous finish. Diamond dust is a professional and versatile material that is sourced from specialist manufacturers. It is available in multiple sizes of grain, from a fine diamond dust which is similar in size to salt or sugar, to big coarse flakes (half a centimetre). It is also available in numerous colours but printers most commonly use clear diamond dust which can be applied on top of coloured ink to create a kaleidoscopic sparkle. Silkscreen printing is a technique that uses a woven mesh to support an ink-blocking stencil. Prints can be created using multiple layers of stencils, each apply a separate colour. To apply diamond dust to a print, instead of ink being transferred through the stencil archival art glue is applied. Printers have only minutes to work before this glue dries. They must apply the chosen grade of diamond dust to the glued surface and tap off any excess. The diamond dust is an exceptionally hardwearing material, and applied to paper with archival glue it is a surprisingly durable and enduring artistic medium. $test =
  • Calligram

    A calligram is a word or piece of text in which the design and layout of the letters creates a visual image related to the meaning of the words themselves. The typeface, calligraphy or handwriting is arranged to visually express the meaning or theme of the text. A calligram is thus a combination o....
    A calligram is a word or piece of text in which the design and layout of the letters creates a visual image related to the meaning of the words themselves. The typeface, calligraphy or handwriting is arranged to visually express the meaning or theme of the text. A calligram is thus a combination of poetry and visual art. Calligrams can be found in many cultures and civilizations throughout history,. This form of art is particularly revered in the Islamic world. In Islam, visually representing divinity is forbidden, so calligrams are used to adorn religious and sacred texts. One of the most famous examples of a calligram is encompassed within the work of French poet Guillaume Appolinaire. He was a famous calligram writer and the author of a book of poems called ‘Calligrammes’. His Modernist masterpiece poem written in the form of the Eiffel Tower is arguably the most famous example of a calligram. Several contemporary artists at artrepublic are exploring and employing calligrams. Screen Prince creates portraits of famous musicians from the lyrics of their iconic songs. The lyrics are cleverly designed to visually bring his subjects to life. Mike Edwards is also a pioneer of Typographic art, using calligrams to create ‘readable’ visual portraits. View all Typographic Art Prints   $test =
  • Vanitas

    Vanitas art is an intriguing and macabre genre which features objects rich in morbid symbolism in order to produce in the viewer’s mind an acute awareness of the brevity of life and the inevitability of death. Skulls, hourglasses, extinguished candles, insects and rotting fruit, are amongst the co....
    Vanitas art is an intriguing and macabre genre which features objects rich in morbid symbolism in order to produce in the viewer’s mind an acute awareness of the brevity of life and the inevitability of death. Skulls, hourglasses, extinguished candles, insects and rotting fruit, are amongst the common motifs that refer to the evanescence of existence. It is a genre of still-life painting that flourished in the Netherlands and Northern Europe in the mid to late 17th century. Vanitas themes originated from medieval funerary art and evolved from simple pictures of skulls that were frequently painted on the reverse of portraits during the late Renaissance. Following devastating outbreaks of the Black Death in Europe, art became increasingly focused upon death and decay. The origins of the term date back to the Latin biblical aphorism ‘vantias vanitatum omnia vanitas’ (Ecclesiates 1:2), ‘Vanity of vanities; all is vanity’. In this sense of the word vanity means both ‘empty’ and ‘frivolous’ and refers to the meaningless of earthly life. In the Vanitas tradition of the 17th century, skull paintings were considered to be both beautiful objects and works of spiritual contemplation. They represented the fleetingness of earthly pleasure in the face of unavoidable death. Since Damien Hirst’s diamond studded skull memento mori, ‘For the Love of God’ (2007) hit the headlines there has been an influx of artists returning to the Vanitas theme and the skull motif in particular. $test =
  • Lenticular

    Lenticular is an adjective often relating to lenses. Lenticular printing is a technology in which lenticular lenses are used to produce images with an illusion of depth, or the ability to change or move as the image is viewed from different angles. Lenticular technology has matured and artists who ....
    Lenticular is an adjective often relating to lenses. Lenticular printing is a technology in which lenticular lenses are used to produce images with an illusion of depth, or the ability to change or move as the image is viewed from different angles. Lenticular technology has matured and artists who produce lenticular prints today have access to superior imagery more 3D movement and greater colour saturation. A long way for the lenticulars on cereal packets and rulers we remember from childhood. The technique uses several images which are sliced into strips and interlaced together. A plastic sheet containing a set amount of linear prism-like lenses is then placed on top, perfectly aligned with the images for the 3-dimensional effect to work. Depending on where the viewer is standing, each lens acts as a magnifying glass to enlarge and display a different portion of the image. The combination of many lenses working together with many interlaced images creates a three-dimensional horizontal image plane when the viewer looks at the image from a different angle from left to right. This is because each eye views the print from a slightly different angle and sees a different image with different perspective views of the subject, giving the 3D stereoscopic effect. View all lenticular prints $test =
  • Figurative

    Figurative in its broadest sense refer to art that depicts an image from the real world. In particular it refers to art with the human or animal figure as its subject.  Since the advent of modern art figurative art has also been used as an opposite of abstract art. The representation of....
    Figurative in its broadest sense refer to art that depicts an image from the real world. In particular it refers to art with the human or animal figure as its subject.  Since the advent of modern art figurative art has also been used as an opposite of abstract art. The representation of the human and animal form goes right back to the origins of art its self and can be found in the early cave paintings found in Germany and France.  Continuing through antiquity we can see that the figure continues in art even if as in the Egyptian hieroglyphs it is a stylised form. The more lifelike sculptures of classical art still covey in their composition deep held social and political concepts, as well as representing the figure. During the renaissance artist such as Leonardo da Vinci and Sandro Botticeli sought to capture the true human form with a more scientific and photographic quality. Modern figurative art includes a wide variety of artist and movements including Pablo Picasso, Alberto Giacometti, Francis Bacon and Lucian Freud. $test =
  • Naïve

    Naïve art refers to the work of someone with no formal art school education. It is characterised by a simple unsophisticated childlike composition and execution. It is valued by modern artists for its purity, simplicity and its opposition to the traditional art system. Naïve art does not obey w....
    Naïve art refers to the work of someone with no formal art school education. It is characterised by a simple unsophisticated childlike composition and execution. It is valued by modern artists for its purity, simplicity and its opposition to the traditional art system. Naïve art does not obey what are seen as the formal qualities of painting in particular the rules of the perspective. Objects in Naïve art can appear flattened onto the surface of the canvas and their size may not be acurate to that of real life, or proportional to things around them. Naïve artists include Henri Rousseau who held down a full time job throughout his painting career and the St Ives fisherman Alfred Wallis who painted on any objects he found in his house. Other artists who’s work in considered Naïve are L. S. Lowry and Edward Hicks. Naïve art is now represented in art galleries worldwide. It is also linked to primitive art which again sees modern artists such as Pablo Picasso adopting the styles of so called primitive art or folk art that does not have the same history or rules as the western art world. Art produced by classically trained artists but in a naïve style is sometimes referred to as faux Naïve art. $test =
  • Young British Artists (YBA)

    The YBA's or Young British Artists emerged in the late 1980’s. It began around a series of artist led exhibitions an in particular the Freeze exhibition in 1988 organised by Damien Hirst while he was still studying at Goldsmiths collage. It was then supported by Charles Saatchi who collected the w....
    The YBA's or Young British Artists emerged in the late 1980’s. It began around a series of artist led exhibitions an in particular the Freeze exhibition in 1988 organised by Damien Hirst while he was still studying at Goldsmiths collage. It was then supported by Charles Saatchi who collected the work of YBA’s and showcased it in shows such as the Sensation exhibition in 1997. The YBA’s were noted at the start for the use of shock tactics, throwaway materials, wild-living, and gained a huge amount of media attention in the 1990’s. Their work re-vitalised the British art scene and lead to more artist-curator lead exhibitions and artists embracing and becoming more involved in the commercial aspect s of their work. The core of artists associated with the YBA movement all graduated from Goldsmiths Collage London and it is said that Michael Craig Martin one of the tutors there at the time had fostered this new way of working. The YBA label proved to be a powerful brand and marketing tool, but it concealed huge diversity between the artists involved. Now many of the artists involved such as Damien Hirst and Tracy Emin have become part of the art establishment they were striking out against when they started. Although maturing into different artists the YBA’s are held together by their shared emergence in the art world of the late 80’s and early 90’s. Other YBA’s include Marc Quinn, Sarah Lucas, Sam Taylor-Wood, Rachel Whiteread and Jake and Dinos Chapman. View all Damien Hirst Prints View all Marc Quinn Prints $test =
  • Street Art

    Street art is any art developed in public spaces. The term can include traditional graffiti art work, as well as, stencil graffiti, sticker art, wheatpasting and street poster art, video projection, art intervention, guerrilla art, flash mobbing and street installations. Whereas traditional gra....
    Street art is any art developed in public spaces. The term can include traditional graffiti art work, as well as, stencil graffiti, sticker art, wheatpasting and street poster art, video projection, art intervention, guerrilla art, flash mobbing and street installations. Whereas traditional graffiti artists have primarily used free-hand aerosol paints to produce their works with ‘tagging’ and text-based subject, street art encompasses many other media, techniques and subject matter including: LED art, mosaic tiling (e.g. Space Invader), murals, stencil art (e.g. Hutch and Blek Le Rat), sticker art, street installations (e.g K-GUY), wheatpasting (e.g. Faile and Prefab77), woodblocking, video projection, and yarn bombing. Street artists will often work in studios, hold gallery exhibitions or work in other creative areas: they are not anti-art, they simply enjoy the freedom of working in public without having to worry about what other people think. Many well-known artists started their careers working in a way that we would now consider to be Street Art, for example, Jenny Holzer and Barbara Kruger View all Street Art Prints $test =

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