However, Jackson Pollock's approach was quite different to the rest. He fixed his canvas to the floor or wall and, holding the brush or stick a foot or so away, threw lines of paint towards it, allowing chance to direct the evolution of a painting. He then manipulated the paint with an assortment of instruments, sometimes achieving textured effects using elements such as sand or broken glass. The critic Harold Rosenberg termed the phrase 'Action-painting' to describe this radical technique. Another term applied to Pollock is the 'All-Over' style as seen in his 'Number 1' ('Lavender Mist') (1950) for example. In this, the whole canvas is without any point of emphasis, as Pollock abandoned any traditional notion of composition. Indeed, the design of his paintings bore no relation to the dimensions of the canvas, for in the final work the canvas often had to be trimmed to suit the image.
However, by 1954 his alcoholism and depression had ended his artistic career and he died in a car crash two years later.