Pop art was one of the major art movements of the 20th Century. It emerged almost simultaneously but separately in the UK and the USA. The term itself was coined by Lawrence Alloway in the late 1950’s to refer to art based on popular culture and the power of images. Pop Art reached its peak in the 1960’s and can be seen as one of the first manifestations of post modernism.
British Pop art began in the 1950’s and was associated with the Independent Group which included artists Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi.
Andy Warhol is probably the best know American Pop Artist, and his images of every day objects as in his ‘Campbell’s Soup Can’s’ and popular icons in his numerous reproductions of ‘Marilyn Monroe’. Roy Lichtenstein used the medium of comics for his well know works such as ‘Whaam’ and ‘Drowning Girl’.Other big names in American pop art include Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Jim Dine and James Rosenquist.